Introduction

The bibliography provides information on writings dealing with the history of rape, including sexual child abuse, sexual harassment, sexual molestation, child prostitution, forced prostitution, sexual slavery, sexual(ized) violence. The blog informs about calls for papers, forthcoming events and new literature in this field.

June 15, 2013

ART: Sexual violence by occupational forces during and after World War II

Authors: Brigitte Lueger-Schuster, Tobias M. Glück, Ulrich S. Tran, and Elisabeth L. Zeilinger
Title: Sexual violence by occupational forces during and after World War II
Subtitle: Influence of experiencing and witnessing of sexual violence on current mental health in a sample of elderly Austrians
Journal: International Psychogeriatrics
Volume: 24
Issue: Special Issue 08: Focus on late life depression
Year: August 2012
Pages: 1354-1358
ISSN: 1041-6102 - eISSN: 1741-203X
Language: English
Full Text: Cambridge Journals [Restricted Access]

Abstract:
»Background: Wartime rape is an atrocity with long-lasting impacts not only on victims but whole societies. In this brief report, we present data on experience and witness of sexual violence during World War II (WWII) and subsequent time of occupation and on indicators of mental health in a sample of elderly Austrians.
Methods: Interviews of 298 elderly Austrians from a larger epidemiological study on WWII traumatization were analyzed for the impact of experience and witness of sexual violence during the wartime committed by occupational forces. Interviews comprised a biographical/historical section and psychological measures (BSI, TLEQ, PCL–C). Participants were recruited in all nine provinces of Austria with respect to former zones of occupation (Western Allied/Soviet).
Results: Twelve persons reported direct experience of sexual violence, 33 persons witnessed such atrocities. One third of the victims and 18.2% of the witnesses reported post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD full/subthreshold). Sexual violence occurred more often in the former Soviet zone. Victims and witnesses displayed higher odds of post-traumatic symptoms and symptoms of depression and phobic fear than non-victims. Furthermore, witnesses displayed higher levels of aggression compared to victims and non-witnesses.
Conclusions: Our results corroborate previous findings that wartime rape has long-lasting effects over decades on current mental health and post-traumatic distress in victims and witnesses. We recommend integration of psychotraumatological knowledge on consequences of sexual violence on mental health into geriatric care and the education of dedicated personnel.« [Source: International Psychogeriatrics]